Dental implants are screws that are placed in the jawbones to complete missing teeth. It is one of the least complicated and most successful treatments that has been widely used in dental treatment for the last 30 years. Dental implants are successful treatments, but the dentist’s decisions play a role in this success.
There are 3 types of implant applications:
- Late period implant application
- Early implant application
- Immediate implant application
Late implant application means to wait for 6 months or more after tooth extraction or implanting in the cavities of teeth that were extracted years ago. Its advantage is that the risk of infection caused by the extracted tooth is minimum. The disadvantage is that as the gravitational cavity is not exposed to chewing, the bone melts as time passes. Generally, these millimeter melts make implant placement difficult. Advanced surgical methods may be needed.
Early implant application is performed 6 weeks after the tooth is extracted. The advantage is that the soft tissue healing is completed and the effect of the infected tooth is minimized. The implant is applied before the bone melts. The disadvantage is that two surgical procedures are performed at very short intervals.
Immediate implant application. The implant is placed as soon as the tooth is extracted. The advantage is that the transaction ends in one go. The disadvantage is that the application is not performed on teeth with a high risk of infection.
Again, after the implant is made, there are 3 ways to load and make the prosthesis.
1- The implant is made and takılır immediately. The length and diameter of the implant used, as well as the density of the bone, are important regarding this. Dentist makes calculations according to these criteria.
It is a method generally applied for all-on-4 implants and anterior incisors.
2- 6 weeks after the implant is placed, the prosthesis is made. Here, 6 weeks are very important. It should be made neither before nor after. Soft tissue healing should be completed. Osteointegration (joining of bone and implant) begins. The advantages of placement are available in many studies.
3- After the implant is placed, we wait for 6 months for the upper jaw and 3 months for the lower jaw. The osteointegration is completed and the prosthesis is made.
All these options are evaluated by the dentist for each patient.
There are many different brands of implants available. It is important to use implant brands that can be found anytime, anywhere. When necessary, it may be necessary to request main parts from the supplier company after years. In addition, production stages and sterilization are very important. All surgical sterilization procedures should be followed during implant placement. We can say that there is no possibility of failure when all criteria are met. Of course, the patient’s systemic diseases will also affect the success.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Why do you need an implant?
How long is the life of an implant?
Is anesthesia used in dental implant treatment?
Why cheap implants should not be preferred?
Does the brand of the implants used in the treatment matter?
Is the implant surgery painful?
Can I continue my normal life/work after the implant treatment?
What is the difference between an Implant and a Crown/Veneer?
What are the benefits of an implant?
What is the best alternative to an implant?
ÖMER CENKER ILICALI, MD
Dt. M. Bülent AKDERELİ
English International Patient Consultant